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How to keep students at school attentive

Attention and teaching are inherently in itself. How successful a child is in the school bench depends largely on how he can concentrate on teaching. So many intelligent pupils can have problems at school because they can not. According to experts, it is therefore necessary to work with children's attention for a long time and to help them develop it.

Attention is a key skill in any process of learning and plays a crucial role in making the pupil use the most. Experts say it is superficial without it, and there is no new knowledge with those already familiar. It also affects how the learner remembers the substance - if the attention is weakened, its memory is more prone to forgetting or distorting.

"We can only pay attention for a limited period of time, in particular, it is only thirty to ninety seconds. Then the attention decreases and we need to direct it to the topic through the internal process of concentration. It is a natural physiological phenomenon that does not make sense to fight. But it 's important to learn how to work with him, " says psychologist and special educator Marek Zelenka.

The pupil needs to be enthusiastic and encouraged to persevere in the activity

Concentrations of attention are still under development in younger children. While the process of this process is unconscious and spontaneous, the pupil needs to be encouraged and encouraged during the lesson to persevere and re-focus internally on the problem presented. Essential is the nature of the teaching itself.

While passive acceptance of new knowledge does not capture concentration too much, encouraging pupils to make their own thoughts or solutions has proven successful in this respect. However, according to experts, it is especially important for a pupil to see a sense of self in learning, because then he is motivated to work with his own attention.

"We are systematically developing children from the first class in their ability to learn. Within the learning block, the third class is orientated in what they like when learning. They watch when they watch their attention longer. Someone is learning by listening, seeing, or moving, someone enjoying learning in solitude rather than in a group. Another is the solid structure of teaching materials, while others prefer interconnection and creative work with information, " says Andrea Vedralová of School My Project, whose educational concept currently operates in kindergarten, elementary school and grammar school in Sokolov as well as elementary school in Prague .

They help physical exercises and division of lessons

Several other factors influence the ability to concentrate on teaching. Of course, the environment itself and the elimination of all distractions, as well as the physical and psychological well-being of the pupils, is important. Different physical exercises designed to balance mental and physical activities such as concentration games or yoga elements that are classified at the beginning or mid-hour are also proven to develop concentration.

"From other tools that help strengthen the ability to concentrate, we use the division of lessons into shorter and clearly separated blocks. In one part, pupils first learn new information, in the next part they practice the substance and the last one on the topic itself, "
explains Andrea Vedralová, with the fact that it is also important for pupils to close the activity or clock clearly , including a summary of what The lesson has been achieved and what benefits it has for them.

The teacher plays a big role, too. He should be able to work very well with the group and respond to emerging classroom situations. In other words, for example, he should know when the task is too demanding, or when the pupils are too tired, and should adapt the lesson accordingly.

Source: tz, edited editorially

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