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After the winter, the falcons returned to the Central Bohemian Mountains

After the winter, the falcons returned to the Central Bohemian Mountains In their nesting places, the crippled threat of the migratory falcon returns these days. Meanwhile, the only couple nesting on natural nesting places in the Protected Landscape Area of ​​České středohoří as their home again chose the rocks in Průčelská rokli near Brno. The workers of the Nature Conservation and Landscape Protection Agency of the Czech Republic therefore temporarily closed the area.

"Falcon female, with a high probability the one who did not live in Průčelská rokle even last year, is found regularly on the rocks. Our workers have already defined a territory with a temporary ban on entry so as to allow the couple to bring young people quiet, " said Petr Kříž from AOPK ČR, the director of the regional workplace of the Administration of the Protected Landscape Area of ​​České středohoří. "In the last year and the year before, the nesting of the falcons was not successful. The female, which is very sensitive in the early stages of breeding, was interrupted by climbers and the nest left, " explained Petr Kříž.

The area of ​​the Prussian Rocks in Průčelská rokle will be under the increased supervision of the guardians of nature, AOPK Czech Republic employees this year, and due to the bad experience with undisciplined visitors in previous years, the policemen from Brna will help calm the falcons. "The whole area is already defined by tape and provided with warning signs. We are sorry we had to go to increased surveillance for a few righteous individuals. Sokolům most bothers the movement above and the level of their nest, and therefore is the most risky access from the top of the rocks, where there are several prospects, " said Petr Kříž.

The Mountain Summit Committee of the Bohemian Mountaineering Union Northwest Bohemia joined this summer. "Our members are regularly informed about all temporary closures of climbing areas. In addition, this year, we explicitly draw attention to Výry rocks in Průčelská rokli, where last year a few individuals repeatedly banned the ban. It is for me personally incomprehensible, but fortunately, such a meeting in the climbing community is an exceptional exception, " said its chairman Pavel Suchopárek.

Measures of a generic nature AOPK ČR No. 2/2016, which restricts public access to the designated area in the first zone of the protected landscape area of ​​České středohoří at four months of the year, is in force as early as 2016. In addition to the critically endangered migratory falcon, endangered mare big. Prohibition of entry always takes place until June 30th.

Falcon falcon (Falco peregrinus)

The falcon, the fastest predator in the world, is a relatively long-lived species. She lives for up to twenty years, during which she is faithful to one permanent partner during successful nesting. A suitable place for nesting, which is optimally returned to life, is selected by the female. Typically, he chooses places in rocky and mountainous areas, where he prefers cornices or holes in tall rock walls, but not even an old castle tower.

However, falcon female females have also emerged in recent years as pioneers of new housing trends; they are currently increasingly nesting in industrial buildings, especially their chimneys. The new phenomenon since 2010 is supported by ornithologists by installing nests made of galvanized sheet metal for chimneys. The pioneers of the new style of falcon housing are, for example, a few of Litvínov's chemists who regularly return to the nest on the chimneys of the heat plant or ethylene unit in the area of ​​Chempark Záluží since 2011 and which has managed to rearing 18 young ones.

The females usually tolerate 2 to 4 eggs in March and April. During nesting, it is very sensitive to distraction, and it can leave the snack. The youngsters are taken during May or the first half of June. In the first days, the young are wearing a dog and the female is eating it at the nest. The youngsters stay in the nest for about 5 weeks, but they are also fed after that time. The nest is leaving the family in July. In the autumn, however, parents return to defend the district. Sexual maturity pups reach about a year. The falcons, who live for most of the year in our country, move to winter in the southwest of Europe; on the contrary, animals come from Scandinavia for the winter. However, some pairs nesting in the lowlands or on industrial buildings may occur in the wider neighborhood around the nests all year round.

In the second half of the last century, the numbers of falcons have dropped drastically, mainly due to the loss of suitable nesting sites, human persecution and the use of chemicals, especially pesticides, in agriculture. They went through the food chain to the eggs. Although the number of falcons in the Czech Republic is rising, it still belongs among critically endangered species of our fauna and is therefore according to Decree No. 395/1992 Coll. to Act. No. 114/1992 Coll. protected. According to the European classification, species are rare and require special protection. Sokol is also listed in the second annex of the Bern Convention - a species strictly protected, and is also listed in the CITES Appendix, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora.


Source: tz Ochrana přírody.cz



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