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Heart daily pumped 12,000 liters of blood or How do you keep fit?

Excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, too much salt, lack of exercise, obesity, excess stress. Unhealthy lifestyle and diet greatly increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, which, according to reports about the health of the population of the Czech Republic from 2014, the most frequent cause of hospitalization and death among us. In this respect the Czechs are doing according to the World Health Organization even the worst of developed countries; on cardiovascular diseases is dying every second of us.

So how to prevent heart disease? What signals would have us coming to health problems should alert?

The heart is a powerful muscle, but ...

The heart is very powerful muscle that is periodically downloaded, and the oxygenated blood is injected into the blood vessels throughout the body. To the left, flows from the lungs and oxygenated blood under high pressure gets to aorta, the largest human artery. A thus pumped nearly 12,000 liters of blood. The average person circulates about 5 liters of blood, which means that the blood through the heart 2 is rotated 400 times per day. "Although heart practically operates as a highly efficient pump if ill not provide sufficient circulation of blood in the body. This leads to accumulation of fluid and pressure in the lungs, causing shortness of breath and reduces energy. This leads to diseases such as atherosclerosis or narrowing of the coronary arteries, myocardial infarction, which is completely clogged one or more of the coronary arteries, angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or problems with the heart valves, "explains MD. Thomas Kampe. On cardiovascular diseases is dying while more men than women, more men are at risk at an earlier age. However, mortality statistics would not be so high if people identify the symptoms coming on time and visited a doctor.

To warn patients of heart distress in the chest and genes

Chest pain is the most common signals indicating heart disease. Although it can also cause digestive problems or problems with the spine, one should not be underestimated. Pain that cause heart problems, can be recognized by its placement behind the breastbone slightly to the left or in the center of the chest. Patients often complain of intense anxiety that usually precedes a heart attack, dizziness, loss of consciousness or short-term, chronic fatigue, or nausea and loss of appetite when blood accumulates in the abdominal organs. Warn us may also be a rapid or irregular heartbeat, shortness of breath, sweating, swelling or unexplained weakness.

A significant role in the identification of approaching health problems and of course genetics plays. If the cardiovascular disease in the family already occurred or will occur periodically or at more members, the likelihood that appear also in our country, is greatly increased. The risk increases if there are genetic predisposition combined with obesity, low physical activity, diabetes and penchant for smoking.

Do away with bad habits, indulge in motion

For example, with every cigarette is more real to us in the future, tormented heart attack or blood clot. Neither frequent alcohol consumption does not benefit the heart. Yet, if we put 2 ounces of wine or a pint of beer a day, it's not a bad thing. Larger quantities, however, threatens the organism. Treacherous is also the salt that we as an adult should consume up to 5 grams per day. It increases blood pressure, which can result in stroke or heart failure. Significantly risk factor is obesity, in particular in the abdominal region. Prevention of heart disease should therefore be a movement whose deficiency afflicts an estimated 60 to 70% of the world's population. The active movement decreases the risk of cardiovascular disease and related premature death in up to 30%.

Benefit adjustment menu

Among the best prevention of heart and vascular diseases should become a lifestyle change. "An integral part of the diet should be fat seafood, such as salmon, tuna or mackerel, which are on the plate should appear at least twice a week. They are filled with omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA, thanks to which the heart is functioning normally and the blood pressure in a natural surface. They are also a rich reservoir of iodine, which also has a positive effect on the heart, "says MD. Kampe. If we want to be sure that your body right materials are delivered in sufficient daily amount can reach also for specialized food supplements containing fish oil and polyunsaturated fatty kyseliny.Vyhnout we should also excessive consumption of fried, baked and grilled dishes as well as a fat red and pork meat. Increased intake of fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grain breads, low-fat dairy products and fiber would be contrary to the order of the day.

Do not forget about vitamins

The proper functioning of the heart also support certain vitamins and minerals. Help form collagen and contain antioxidants that chart the natural functioning of blood vessels, protects cells from oxidative stress, control blood sugar and cholesterol levels, and shall ensure that the normal functioning of the heart. Essential mineral is magnesium, which regulates blood pressure and dilates the blood vessels. It can be found in soy, spinach or chard. From vitamins helps most B-complex, whose sources are yeast and legumes, vitamin C contained in citrus, rose hips, currants or cabbage, and vitamin E, which can supply the body using wheat germ, sunflower and flax seeds, milk or peanuts.

Source: tz Lesenský.cz, editorially modified

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