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Are you burning? The cause may be thyroid disease!

The individual organs of the human body and their functions are often surprisingly interconnected. Did you know, for example, that there is a link between thyroid disease and heartburn?

Gastro-oesophageal reflux

Heartburn is professionally called gastro-oesophageal reflux. The unpleasant problem is the escape of acidic stomach contents into the esophagus. These difficulties occur when the esophageal sphincter that separates the esophagus and the stomach does not close tightly.

Ejectional sphincter is the muscle that plays the role of the valve. It normally opens only when we swallow and the bite passes into the stomach. However, if the esophageal sphincter does not close, gastric contents and acidic digestive juices escape into the esophagus.
The most common symptom of gastroesophageal reflux is heartburn.
Other difficulties include feeding and difficulty swallowing.
If these problems occur more often than twice a week, it is chronic reflux.

Thyroid gland decreased

The thyroid gland is located on the front of the neck and its lobes are butterfly-shaped. Its role lies in the formation of hormones that affect the metabolism in the body. There are various types of thyroid disorders in which too many or fewer hormones are formed.

In a disorder called hypothyroidism, the thyroid gland is unable to produce enough hormones. Its function is reduced. Metabolism is slowing down and it will manifest itself externally:
fatigue, slower pace,
feeling cold,
sometimes also by weight gain.

Reflux connection

Although the esophageal sphincter and the thyroid gland are not directly related, there is a relationship between hypothyroidism and heartburn. This is especially true in the case of Hashimoto's disease - a thyroid disorder, in which the immune system of the body "accidentally" destroys the cells of the gland. Hashimoto's disease is associated with a disorder of oesophageal emptying, which is manifested by heartburn and reflux symptoms. People with hypothyroidism are also more susceptible to obesity, which also increases the likelihood of reflux.

If you have heartburn and you are also worried about thyroid disease, talk to your doctor.

Author: MUDr. Hana Králová
Source: U lékař

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