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Increased cholesterol does not hurt, but it can be bad for health

Previously called a silent killer, today's cholesterol is changing. What effect does the organism really have and how can it affect its amount in the blood?

Differences in effects

Cholesterol is a substance that produces sex hormones or corticosteroids. It is important for the formation of vitamin D and bile acids needed to digest fats. It is clear that without him our body can not do it. Cholesterol is of different types.
LDL cholesterol ("bad") is the main one that goes into the tissues. If it is too much, it is harmful and is a major risk factor for blood vessel formation.
HDL cholesterol ("good") absorbs cholesterol from tissues and transfers it to the liver. This cleans the bloodstream and protects the cardiovascular system.
VLDL cholesterol contains many triacylglycerols (TAGs), which are simple fats.

Correct values

The excess of LDL, VLDL cholesterol and TAG is, according to current claims, a significant risk factor for blood vessel formation. If other negative effects are added such as decreased HDL cholesterol, elevated blood pressure, smoking, male and older age, the risk of cardiovascular disease is increased severalfold. Optimal is to have a total cholesterol level of up to 5 mmol / l. Of this, HDL above 1 mmol / l, LDL at 2 mmol / L and TAG below 2 mmol / l. The monitored parameter is also the ratio of total cholesterol to HDL. The risk of the disease is increased at 5: 1, so it is better if the ratio is lower.

Keep cholesterol under control

There are several principles to keep the optimal cholesterol ratio in the body.
Practice regularly.
Reduce drinking alcohol and do not smoke.
Do not distract yourself.
Adjust the diet
- limit cereal and simple sugar, consume omega-3 fatty acids. As a source of fat, use margarines and vegetable oils, eat less fat sausages, meat and guts, add to the legume menu.
Go to regular checks. Your doctor will monitor your blood cholesterol levels and can take medication while taking your diet despite dietary precautions.

The increase in total cholesterol in the blood does not hurt. But it is a warning sign of heart disease or stroke. By keeping the right lifestyle you can significantly reduce this risk. However, if you have any doubts about your health, please consult your GP.

Source: Heart in

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