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Is he troubled tropical heat cramps and fatigue? Put your dark chocolate and banana!

This summer is accompanied by particularly tropical weather. The mercury in recent weeks goes above 35 ° C and the weather station almost daily reports of new temperature records. In such weather, the human body suffers.

Due to excessive sweating from the body leaving many substances necessary for health. In the summer, every day we lose 1.5 to 2.5 liters of water in which these nutrients are included. How then supply the body back all substances that it needs, and who loses in the heat?

In the heat we sweat and 5 liters of water per day

The body naturally sweats to dissipate themselves from harmful substances resulting from the conversion of nutrients into energy. Sweating is also thermoregulatory process in which the body cools to avoid dangerous overheating. "The skin naturally breathing and water evaporates. The amount of sweat eliminated by the body, varies according to several factors, such as increased physical load, or a high outdoor temperature. In normal weather Central of themselves every day we sweat an average of half a liter of water. On days when the mercury thermometer confidently climbs up and do not stop even at 30 or 35 ° C, but it can be easily up to five liters per day, "says MD. Thomas Kampe.

Sweating, the body loses a large amount of fluids, which are present in important minerals, ions, amino acids, hormones, fatty acids, lactic acid and antibacterial agents that benefit the human organism. And if the body does not receive back the other way, there annoying health problems.

Magnesium deficiency causes muscle cramps, indulge in chocolate

Among the most important minerals that the body naturally needs is sodium chloride, potassium and magnesium. Especially magnesium is essential for the organism and its greatest losses occur precisely at extremely high temperatures. They are usually in the summer they were often combined with increased physical activity, such as cycling, rollerblading and other popular holiday sports that magnesium loss multiplies. "Magnesium has beneficial effects on teeth and bones, and we feel its power in the blood and tissues . Furthermore, the catalyst of biochemical reactions, supervises metabolism and energy production. In good condition also keeps the heart and blood vessels and ensures that our nervous system and muscles worked well. His lack of it may cause, among other things, painful muscle spasms or irritability or moodiness, "explains Dr. Thomas Kampe. Natural sources of magnesium are green leafy vegetables, legumes, nuts, oatmeal, mineral water, bananas or maybe dark chocolate.

Eat bananas and cheese, replenish your potassium and sodium chloride

Another major element potassium levels in the body which can reduce diarrhea, vomiting or sweating. Its deficiency can be fatal only in the form of sudden cardiac arrest. Supplement it is possible to eating beef liver and meat, beans, bananas, nuts and grapes needed. Very high amounts of potassium also contains black tea or coffee.

Sodium chloride or common salt, the substance for the human body is also essential. Involved in the maintenance of fluid balance and the amount of blood pressure, correct function of the heart, muscles and nerves and is essential for the absorption of necessary substances in the intestine. Although Czechs suffer rather excessive use of salt, which often exceed the recommended daily dosage of up to three times, the lack of danger just in big buckets, possibly diarrhea and vomiting. The result can be weakness, fatigue, dizziness, muscle spasms to total collapse. An important source of salt are needed sausages, savory foods, pickles, certain cheeses, spices, pastries or savory pastries necessary.

Dehydration causes blood vessel disease

Excessive sweating in the tropical weather but also the body lacks water itself, which is subject to dehydration. Between the first and milder symptoms are headache, nausea and general weakness. When prolonged dehydration efficiency often decreases blood circulation, muscles, and kidneys. It also accompanies deterioration of the brain and can also damage the liver. In the absence of fluid also at risk of urinary tract infection, appendicitis, or heart and vascular diseases. Effects of hot weather on the body thirst but even our skin. Because dehydration is dried, dull, rough and loses important nutrients and vitamins. Namely skin contains up to 80% water and when summer arrives daily body by approximately 2.5 liters of fluid, it is noticeable for her wound.

In the summer, drink water and juice, avoid coffee

The body to recover the lost minerals and other nutrients, it is necessary to observe, in particular drinking regime. In the heat of a day we should drink at least 2-3 liters of fluid. Ideal drink clean water, which in the summer pleasantly refreshing and easy on the body. Famously operates a fruit or herbal tea. We can also give juices or fruit musts, since they contain a lot of vitamins, especially C and E, folic acid, fiber and minerals such as magnesium, iron and potassium. Liquids can receive the diet in the form of soup or fruit and vegetables. In summer, by contrast, is not recommended to drink sweetened and carbonated drinks. Optimal neither frequent drinking coffee and drains.

Source: tz Lesenský.cz, editorially modified

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