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The basic need for children is really a mess, says an expert on children's free play

The basic need for children is really a mess, says an expert on children's free play That the child jumps into a puddle, not misbehaving. It is a vital need. Like pick up a stick or stone. And it needs them not to oppose it, says German expert on natural pedagogy and children free play Rudolf Hettich.

In recent years in our cities is a large number of playgrounds. They are beautiful, certified, well-kept. A children's benefit, climb, slide, climb, slide down. "That's not an environment for spontaneous play," says Rudolf Hettich. Most of these courses are by him in terms of children's boring and offers a mechanical activity. "Children posing for spontaneous play and do not require complex gameplay or glossy pitch. Conversely, the simpler the toy, the simpler the material, the more children will be encouraged to be creative, "says Hettich.

The best course is by his nature. Forest. Slope. The best climbing frame a fallen tree. The natural environment leads children to the fact that when you move in rugged terrain learn better coordination of movement. And it has a positive effect on the development of oral skills. In many classic nursery in Germany began to be the speech of small children problem. According Hettich it is associated with lack of exercise.

"Today's children are missing natural movement, have physical deficiency. And it is necessary to take into environments that will inspire them to move. By nature, "says Hettich.

And as claimed by Rudolf Hettich, children in nature is needed to learn the game. They have it in themselves, but it should appear. Just as once they learned by themselves to crawl and then walk. Likewise in them is hidden the ability to play. It's kind of prahra. Nature and need only the best toys - sticks and stones. Soil and water. A prahra, and developing creative activity accelerates itself.

Rudolf Hettich recalls that 40 years ago in Germany on pedagogy completely infants nobody cared. "Today it is the most important issue," he says. And so it was with the children stay in the countryside. "Today in forest nurseries in Germany over 50,000 children," says Hettich. It is according to him a natural response to the other extreme, where children spend their days locked in a room and play unified toys. Even in the Czech Republic is a noticeable boom in forest nurseries and clubs (currently around 160) and the need to take the kids to the countryside within kindergartens and schools to talk more and more.

Hettich advised to leave the children in the countryside discretion about what you want to play. Adults must control his desire to prevent children from their speeches. "A stick is irreplaceable for children. No toymaker it can not produce, baby it must itself find in the woods, "says Hettich." It is the basic equipment of a child. "A stick is a multifunctional toy can serve as a weapon, a tool, it can be broken, cut, throw, pull . It is a tool and just stick. Other aboriginal children are toy blocks. Everyone is different. Perfectly fit in your pocket.

"Adult children always say - do not touch it! Do not take it in your hand! It is one of the most educational interventions parents, "continues Hettich. And it is wrong. Hands are for children by him sort of a second pair of eyes. Children around the world need to get a feel for him to understand. It is not enough just to watch them.

Fascinating element for children is water. The brook. In the tub. The puddle. In connection with the sand or clay. Children have a need to carry it, spill, damming and re-emit. And of course her jump. Each pool wants her child jumped. And every kid wants to jump into the pool.

And all this stay in nature can not do without smudging the kids. "But it is their children's basic needs - a mess, do not take them," says Hettich. Moreover, it is pure filth.

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In nurseries, children also face fauna. And, naturally, to play with them. And it's not always play nice for animals and it does not always survive. How do you deal with it? Feeling. "It depends how it feels adult accompaniment. And if something happening to cause animals pain, then you need to convey to children that hurt. Children have the ability to destroy. But they also have the ability to feel and learn, "says Hettich. With children, it is also very individual. "Some child needs to know the exact boundaries, others just set the framework," said Hettich.

Rudolf Hettich is a natural teacher, play therapist and expert on children's free play. Leading educational institutions Natur- und Umwelterziehung, schools and Naturgarten Verlag Rudolf Hettich. Rudolf Hettich in September was the keynote speaker at the conference Preschool close to nature, which was organized by the Association of forest kindergartens.

Author: Martin Mach Ondřej

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