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Freezing people interested in the history of the Holocaust, hundreds of thousands of Czechs attend m

Frosty place reminiscent of the history of the Holocaust is now working students and adult people. Schools ordered excursions and participate in educational programs. Even adults can however buy tours with expert commentary. According to statistics from the horrors that cost the lives of millions of people travel to Auschwitz and Theresienstadt nearer to recall hundreds of thousands of Czechs.

Not only adults, but also students interested in the history of the occupation. Holocaust memorial and museum offer regularly organized educational programs. According to the report, in 2013 only visited Terezin Memorial almost 216 000 people, of which more than half were students. Even the Jewish Museum in Prague offers many educational programs for students and other interested persons. From September 2014 launched the workers Museum's new series "Our 20th Century". He turns to the subject of the Holocaust and can visit him all candidates. People have the opportunity to hear the personal stories of survivors and zoom in earlier times tragic. Experienced guides conduct in the now quiet areas of concentration camps, student groups, couples and families.

People often use yet professional tours organized by travel agencies. "When we offered to our portal trip to the Polish Auschwitz for several hours was sold out. People could hear the history of the concentration camp during the second world war by an expert guide in English," described, for example, Charles Pospíšilík of Internet portal Now Auschwitz was the largest Nazi concentration and extermination camp. In 2013 visited Auschwitz to 1.3 million people. Attendance for the last two years is the highest in the history of the Holocaust Memorial pětašedesátileté. Visitors can accompany the three hundred wizards who can twenty languages, including Czech.

"Auschwitz was a monument to the whole of Europe, which reflects the true importance of the history of the Holocaust and dramas taking place in the concentration camps in the history of contemporary Europe. Increase the educational aspect of the place we indirectly shows also challenges our society faces today, "said the director of the memorial Piotr Cywiński.

In the Czech Republic again people are heading to discover the dark history of Terezin. Attendance Terezín Memorial is due to political changes in the former Eastern Bloc decreased in 1990 by almost 60,000 people. Further decline in attendance then occurred in 2002 and 2003 due to the floods that hit the Czech. "Since 2004, the number of visitors increases again. In 2010 came almost 160,000 foreigners and 58,000 Czechs. Our message is, inter alia, to educate, and so we offer educational programs, "said Thomas Rieger, spokesman for the Terezín Memorial.

Interest in educational programs and exhibitions on the Holocaust is big and every year at the Jewish Museum in Prague. Thus targeted programs for different age categories offered by his Department for Education and Culture of visits per year to 10,000 students.

Important is the project "Neighbours Who Disappeared" with the active participation of young people, to which he has been involved dozens of schools. The traveling exhibition is then possible annual holiday on 16 to 20 locations. These include an exhibition about Anne Frank, the author of the world-famous diary. "The story of a young Anna, who died during the war, and her family, is set in a context of war and persecution of the Jews. The exhibition seeks to encourage young visitors to think about the consequences of Nazism and anti-Semitism, inspires comparisons to past events and situations in the world today, "explained the purpose of the exhibition director of the Jewish Museum in Prague Leo Paul.

The concentration camp of Auschwitz

The concentration camp was established in 1940 in the suburbs of the Polish city of Oswiecim. Over time, it became the largest extermination concentration camp, in which took place the mass murder of Jews. In built gas chambers could be daily murdered six thousand people. According to various estimates, in Auschwitz thwarted 1.2 to 1,600,000 lives. Today it is the site of the camp museum, where a memory of the victims of Nazi atrocities and horrors remind millions of visitors.

The Terezín Memorial

The original fort built by Joseph II. served in WW2 as a Jewish ghetto and prison of the Prague Gestapo. Theresienstadt were dispatched special transport trains directly to concentration camps of Auschwitz, Majdanek, Treblinka, Sobibor, Chelmno and others. The Terezin Memorial was created in places suffering of tens of thousands of people originally as National Suffering Memorial 1947 by initiative of the newly created Czechoslovakia. The Czech Republic is the only institution of its kind. Its mission is to preserve the memory of the victims of racial and political persecution during the Nazi occupation, to develop a museum, research and educational activities, as well as take care of the places associated with the suffering and death of tens of thousands of victims of violence.

The Jewish Museum in Prague

At the birth of the Jewish Museum in 1906 were the historian dr. Salomon Hugo Lieben and Dr.. August Stein, the representative of the Czech Jewish movement and later head of the Prague Jewish community. The original intention was to preserve valuable artefacts from the Prague synagogues that were in the reconstruction of the Jewish Quarter in the early 20th century demolished. The museum was open to the public after the occupation of Bohemia and Moravia on 15 March 1939. In 1942, the Nazis established the Central Jewish Museum, where they were concentrated liturgical objects from the liquidated Jewish communities and synagogues of Bohemia and Moravia (the Protectorate only). After the 2nd World War the museum was transferred under the management of the state-appointed National Jewish Council of Elders and partly also the management of the Council of Jewish Communities in the Czech and Moravian-Silesian countries. On 1 October 1994, the building was returned to the Jewish community in Prague and collections of the Federation of Jewish Communities in the Czech Republic and simultaneously established the Museum as a private institution.

Source: tz Lesenský.cz

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