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The giant panda is no longer endangered. The population increases

Black and white panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca), who years ago became a symbol of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), is no longer an endangered species. In early September, was officially reclassified as a species from "endangered" (EN, endangered) in the category of "vulnerable" (VU, vulnerable), informs the journal Science Alert.

The act of transfer of giant pandas to a category with a lower level of threat is an official step that confirms the success of the current international and domestic realized rescue programs.

Over the past ten years, the number of pandas began to grow again, and now there are already 17% more. While in 2009 he had a panda on a few. At that time, scientists assumed that without radical measures virtually extinct within the next three generations. 'Ongoing evaluation of monitoring results, however, suggest that the descent numbers finally managed after all to stop, and the number of individuals begin to slowly rise, "says the press release, the World Conservation Union ( IUCN) Red list, which means, bearing in mind the degree of risk of individual animals. The joy of giant pandas shift to a lower level of risk could be especially China, because it is officially recognized as a credit for the effective conservation of species.

In this country, yet two thirds of the entire viable population of pandas, a total of 1,864 adults. And if we add to them the number of pups we get the sum of 2,060 black bears. Really "free" in nature while they lived only a small part, most of them being located under the watchful eye of security guards and attendants. They usually bears from a distance following terrain. The site is also the question of how over seven years managed to reverse the fate of giant pandas from imminent collapse to return to life. According to IUCN about China's deserved mostly consistent protection of forests where pandas live, and also re-forestation of previously cleared areas of bamboo groves, where pandas previously occurred.

"Saving pandas is an example of how scientific knowledge, political will and willingness of local residents together can save the wilderness," said Marco Lambertini, Director General of WWF. Similarly, in a statement to AFP expressed by John Robinson, leading primatologist and expert group of the Wildlife Conservation Society, which is definitely not often praise China. With Panda Chinese did in his words, "extremely good job". Robinson also pointed out that reducing the threat status in catalogs of species is rare today. The degree of threat to the species in the vast majority of cases escalates and ends with its complete disappearance or extinction in the wild. Trend reversal is the exception rather worthy of celebration.

Although pandas more than a decade ago, have won decisively. Immediately two major complications in fact persist. First, pandas mating to the power rushing, and their willingness to care for babies born in zoos and breeding facilities remains very weak. The second problem is the preservation of the habitat of pandas: bamboo forests not only fells, but also subject to rapid global climate change. Over the next eighty years is expected to decrease their size by up to 35%. And along with bamboo forests and declining food Panday, whose hunting and spending occupies a substantial part of their daily itinerary.
Lo Sze Ping, head of WWF China, adds: "The celebration is in place, but everyone should realize that panda remains a kind of fragmented, isolated and vulnerable. In nature still lives only 1,864 copies. "

Author: Radomír Dohnal

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