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Increased morbidity in September is most concerned with nursery schools

Increased morbidity in September is most concerned with nursery schools With the advent of children in nurseries and schools, increased morbidity is associated. The increase in sickness among children has been apparent regularly since mid-September and concerns most children of preschool age. In 2016, sickness increased by about a third compared with the rest of the year, this year increasing slightly. In addition to acute respiratory infections, the prevalence of airborne infectious diseases is a regular problem in nursery schools.

Upon entering the nursery, the child may be ill for up to three times a month

Increased morbidity is most pronounced among nursery children, ie children aged 3 to 6 years. This year, however, hygiene morbidity is not as prominent as last year. Most commonly, children carry the usual viral infections and infections typical of children. "In 2016 sickness increased by about 30% during this period, this year's increase is not so significant. In addition to acute respiratory infections, the prevalence of infectious airborne diseases, which are related to childhood, is a regular problem in nursery schools. These include, for example, varicella, streptococcal infections, hand-foot-mouth syndrome, or parasitic infections such as scabies or enteritiosis, " explains Renata Ciupek , MD, PhD and Director of the Anti- epidemic Department of the Regional Hygiene Station in Brno.

In addition to classical rhythm and flu, children are susceptible to upper and lower respiratory tract infections, middle ear inflammations, nasal sinus inflammation, cough, larynx or bronchitis. There is no exception that children will ill even three times within a month before adapting to the new environment. "At the beginning of the new school year, doctors practice children with a traditional viral illness such as rhinitis or influenza. Increased morbidity concerns predominantly children entering kindergarten. The most infections are in the majority of cases when the child first enters the team. In the first month that the baby is having a new baby among other children, up to three infections per month are common, " says Stanislav Spurny, a pediatrician.

Avoiding the team is stupidity
, we should strengthen the immunity of children all year round
Children are resistant to pathogens after boarding, which is beneficial to their health. Not putting a child in a team because of fears of a common illness can be a disaster. "Giving a child to a nursery means giving him the opportunity to build his own immunity. By adulthood, a child should go through hundreds of diseases to have a sufficiently strong immune system later, " explains Spurny. Adequate prevention of common pediatric diseases and respiratory infections is, above all, sufficient hygiene and healthy eating, a predominantly balanced diet and plenty of movement.

However, regular prevention in terms of vitamin supplementation, fresh air and sleep should occur year-round. When a child's illness occurs, it is best for the other children to leave him outside the team and give him enough time to fully cure. At the time of increased sickness, a diet that is rich in protein, fruit and vegetables is essential. Enhanced immunity does not just prevent disease, it can help reduce the time of treatment and reduce the course of the illness. "An important ingredient in the diet should be antioxidants such as vitamin C and B vitamins. The substances called polyphenols belonging to the most effective natural substances that act against free radicals and help strengthen the immune system are also important. We can find them in fruits and vegetables, but also in plant food supplements. They serve as a preventative but also help reduce the length and severity of infections already in progress, " explains Petr Galle (Vegall Pharma).

In the prevention of transmission of serious infections, the majority of doctors and hygienists have a vital role to play in preventive vaccination, which is one of the best in the Czech Republic. High vaccination prevents the spread of dangerous diseases such as mumps or measles. "Due to vaccinations, serious infections, such as diphtheria, black cough, measles, mumps, or children's polio - poliomyelitis, are not spread in Czech children's teams. The joint efforts and the primary goal of health professionals, responsible parents and educators should be to maintain this positive state even in the future, "said Renata Ciupek, director of the anti-epidemic department of the Regional Hygiene Station in Brno.



Source: tz, edited editorially



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