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Many species of ticks - and most of the risk to humans

Many species of ticks - and most of the risk to humans Ticks are dangerous parasites from the class of arachnids. There are many types, but only a few of them live in our country or in nearby countries. Let's imagine them.

1st Ixodes ricinus - tick

In our country the most common tick is found virtually throughout Europe. Searches for damp areas (80% or more) with lush vegetation. However, it is able to survive in different climatic conditions.
He lives mainly in deciduous and mixed forests, but can settle virtually anywhere that is damp and there present his hosts.
The numbers of ticks are increasing in recent years, appearing at higher altitudes, where it was previously unknown.
Larvae and nymphs suck instead on smaller animals, the adults then large creatures often attack humans. In their interest but includes many mammals, birds and reptiles.
Carry a range of serious diseases, especially in our conditions Tick-borne encephalitis and Lyme disease but also babesiosis (the disease caused by a protozoan that lives in red blood cells) or anaplasmosis (febrile illness with the collapse of white blood cells).


Ixodes scapularis second

It belongs to the same family as the wood tick. It located mainly in deciduous forests. Its occurrence is quite reliably tied to the presence of deer běloocasého. All stages transmit Lyme disease, babesiosis and anaplasmosis.


3rd Hyalomma marginatum

It Although not occurs, but it is widespread in southern Europe, so can meet him on vacation. It's a common parasite of migratory birds, which can be entered even far from its original location area. Can travel on slaughter animals - in contaminated areas is not uncommon that a single piece of cattle sucks even a hundred individuals. So far this is the case but has not been published. This tick survives under various climatic conditions. Transfers Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever, which can cause fatal outcome.


4th Dermacentor reticulatus - blotter floodplain

Drinker floodplain is characterized by its marbled backs, and that it prefers humid areas such as riparian forests and wetlands. However, there are also parks and urban forests. Host drinker floodplain are large domestic and wild mammals, including dogs. The Czech Republic is a major carrier of babesiosis at the confluence of the Morava and Thaya. But it can also transmit tularemia, also known as rabbit disease that can affect, for example, skin or lungs contested.


5th Rhipicephalus sanguineus - dog tick

This parasite is unusual in that, unlike other ticks may all lose their life cycle in the environment to human habitation without being returned to nature. Therefore, we can in a very short time, literally flood the whole house, reproduce in furniture, floors, etc. Saje on a large number of mammals, sometimes also infects humans, but prefers dogs, if they are available. (It is very bad idea to try to rid the home of these guests by getting rid of the dogs - ticks become even more attacking people.) Generally, it occurs virtually worldwide, but our country has not confirmed his capture. With the dogs traveling to holiday destinations is its transfer to our terms possible. For example, can transmit tularemia.


6th Haemaphysalis concinna - Rhipicephalus floodplain

It occurs as a drinker floodplain in southern Moravia, sucks mainly on sheep, but be thankful and take your dog, cat, cattle and other mammals. Bunya transmits fever, which, like the Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fevers belong to.


7th Argas reflexus - soft tick pigeon

This large soft tick occurs wherever there are pigeons, thus, for example in old houses. Rarely infects humans and us not transmit any diseases. In place of a tick can, however, create a voluminous hematoma, which is very painful and heal for several weeks, can occur frequently and urticaria and itching.

Asked whether all these ticks are dangerous to humans, the answer must be yes. Although most of them prefer intake in animals, there is nothing to them in case of emergency prevented cling to the man and pass him his infectious load.


Source: Tick-borne encefalitida.cz



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