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Number of illiterate people in the world falls

Number of illiterate people in the world declined. She pointed to statistics that let an UNESCO. While in 1990 ruled spoken and written nearly a quarter of the adult population of the planet, in 2011 it was only sixteen percent.

Young people aged 15-25 are better. Read and write them can not just ten percent. On Sunday 8 9th We commemorate International Literacy Day, which draws attention to the fact that the world still lives millions of people to never sit at school desks.

Adult education catching up slowly

Statisticians have found that in the period 1990-2011 decreased illiteracy among the adult population in all developing countries. The exceptions are South and West Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. Although there is also an annual learns to read and write more and more people, however, the resulting figure shows a huge increase in population. The ratio of literate and illiterate therefore in these regions almost unchanged.

Loss of illiterate people, the most obvious in East Asia and the Pacific. Number of illiterate adults there fell from 232 million in 1990 to 142 million in 2011. In Arab countries, the situation is also much improved. Twenty years ago, there could read and write about half of adults today are more than three quarters.

Grim numbers come on the contrary in sub-Saharan Africa, where it was in 1990 about 133 million illiterate adults and in 2011 the number rose to 182 million.

The young man who learns to read and write, has a chance for a better future

"Eradicate" illiteracy are slower in adults than among young people targeted by most international organizations.

According Jarmily Szkutové, which operates in the organization ADRA and coordinating center to support the education of children in the slums of Bangladesh, namely the need to put education especially the youngest ones, because they have a life ahead of me, but to the parents supported, they themselves must know something. "When parents are themselves educated, better understand how important school is. And with ledasčím children at home to help you. Therefore, we organize courses for them. We teach them not only the basics of reading and writing, but also the rules of hygiene, "he explains, adding that a young man who learns to read and write has a chance for a better future and emerge from the yoke of poverty in which his family suffer for generations .

Youth: Girls are still behind

World educational programs focus particularly on children. Statistics show in this age group the most visible progress. From 1985 to 2011, for example, in Burundi the number of literate children by 35 percent, similar to the numbers reported from Bangladesh and Nepal. Enough to improve the situation as well as in Egypt, where it increased literacy in children by 26 percent.

In some countries, there are large differences in the education of boys and girls. For example, in South and West Asia manages the Scriptures only 87 percent of young men, while only 75 percent of girls. It is similar in Arab countries.

In Bangladesh, where he also ADRA, can read and write only 79 percent of young people. By far the worst conditions are found in the slums, a colony where people live in poverty in makeshift shelters and in appalling sanitary conditions. Only one in five children who live in the slum attend school. Around 2.4 million children from the slums of Bangladesh aged 6-10 years still has access to basic education.

Source: tz ADRA

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