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On vacation on the highway - briskly, and safely

Like last year, millions of our tourists will go on their own holiday holiday this year. And naturally as different as on motorways. In the European Union, their network is dense, the pilgrims comfortably and quickly reach the desired destination.

Sometimes, however, the drivers seem to have forgotten that even driving the safest type of road can easily result in a bumpy, the consequences of which will last for years. So what are the basic rules that are swift and safe on motorways?

Basic principles of safe motorway driving in the EU

We basically hold on to the right lane, if we do not just drive other vehicles or obstruct the obstacle. Especially on the three- and multi-track highways, some drivers mistakenly seduce themselves for a permanent ride in the middle lane. On the one hand, this is inconsistent with traffic rules, and it complicates driving to other drivers.
We can only go on the road in the event of an emergency stop. Certainly let's forget about its use to undertake other vehicles. It's dangerous, and the fines are not low.

From the vehicles ahead, keep a safe distance. Under ideal climatic conditions, keep in mind the distance rule of 2 seconds. To control compliance with the minimum distance, foreign traffic police often focus their attention. However, if the surface of the motorway is wet or if the visibility is poor, the distance is reduced to at least 4 seconds. In addition, the experienced driver looks at the distance he travels within the next 12 seconds. At a speed of 130 km / h it is roughly 500 meters. This should be a guarantee that we will not only travel safely, but also smoothly, coolly. We avoid unnecessarily strenuous maneuvers done at the last minute. "When driving in a high and opaque truck or bus, sufficient distance is absolutely necessary. Despite these monsters, the driver behind the driving vehicle does not feel anything. The sudden sudden deceleration of the forward mastodonte can lead to an unsolvable situation, with insufficient distance, " warns Roman Budský from the Road Safety Team.

Definitely adhere to set speed limits. Also be aware of the variable traffic signs. Failure to adhere to the permitted speed can be greatly increased, in extreme cases the risk of confiscation of the vehicle may be jeopardized.

Even on the highway, the driver can only drive at a speed so he can safely stop at a distance to which he has a view. At night, behind fog, heavy rain, just at any time. "Dangerous annoyance is overtaking trucks in dense rain, when drivers in the left lane at full speed rush into the swollen, opaque water cloud. If there is any obstacle behind it (and may be just the remains of a ripped tire), it is broken into a severe crash. It is often massive with many seriously injured or even dead, " Budsky says.

Some Czech drivers, for incomprehensible reasons, do not use when passing between the bars. This is a convenience that can be mislead. The fact that we do not see anyone in the rear-view mirrors before we start a ride does not necessarily mean that there is no one in our close proximity. Timely turning on the flashlight gives the invisible driver the time and space to alert you or try to prevent a clash.

The motorways run really fast. Drivers must be aware of the operation not only in front of them, but also regularly watching the events next to each other and behind the vehicle. So we're sure to look at the mirrors here and there, so we can avoid the unpleasant surprise of one or another of our motorized colleagues. Remember, however, that our vehicle may be in the blind spot of someone else, typically a freight driver.

If we are approaching the end of the standing or slow shunting column, do not forget to turn on the warning lights in time . And start slowing down at a sufficient distance. This should ensure that behind-the-road vehicles coincide with the complications in time and begin to reduce speed.

When traveling on motorways, we often stay in long columns. No matter what he wants, we must not forget to create the so-called rescue alley . On two-lane highways it's the same as we do at home. On the three- and multi-lane highways this is in contrast in Hungary, Germany, Austria, Slovenia and Switzerland. We create the rescue alley between the leftmost left and the leftmost on the right. In other European countries, the obligation to create a clearly defined passage for rescue vehicles will not be met. This applies, for example, to Italy and Croatia. In France or Spain, other drivers are obliged to allow transit workers to rescue vehicles. And in Slovakia, it is stipulated that in case of collisions, drivers of vehicles with the right of priority may use a side road or other part of a road that is not intended for driving. In any case, it is always necessary to remember the creation of a standing column for the possibility of transit of medical, fire and police vehicles, or, as the case may be, of tow trucks or road maintenance techniques.

It is not good to overestimate your own strength. Roughly after two hours at the wheel, it does not hurt a short pause , which will surely be appreciated by fellow travelers. According to the French Prévention Routiere Association, every third fatal accident on motorways is just the fatigue of the driver. The Vinci Autoroutes Foundation states that 44% of European drivers do not take regular breaks. He also pauses that 56 percent of drivers will not be replaced at regular intervals.

In the event of a vehicle failure, it is necessary to stop on the side
, as far as possible. The warning lights must be switched on immediately. The driver must put a warning vest (which he must have on hand) before leaving the vehicle. Ideally, the chauffeur should leave the car with the right door to avoid entering the roadway. Similarly, the fellow passengers should also leave the carriageway immediately into the safe area behind the guards. The driver should immediately place a warning triangle at the specified distance immediately after the failed vehicle. Immediately thereafter, he must call for professional help, for example, by using a motorway voice. This is also to be done in the event of a wheel defect, with which many drivers could handle self-help today. "The place where the damaged vehicle is located must be properly marked. This can only be provided by the motorway police or by the assistance service, " says Roman Budský.

If we manage to miss the appropriate exit from the motorway, it is not enough to continue and to turn off and return to a suitable place from the motorway. Reversing the exit or turning on the highway using the gap between the guards is not only an offense that the traffic police never forgive but a real mortal danger .

Highways are the safest kind of road communications. According to the latest data published by the Center for Transport Research, vvi, approximately sixth of the total mileage is going on in the Czech Republic. However, only about five percent account for the number of deaths. One kilometer of kilometers traveled along our highways has 3 accident victims. It is 3.5 times less than on Class I roads, 4.5 times less than on roads II. Class and even 5x less than on III roads. Class.

"The safest motorways in the EU are in Denmark, the UK and Sweden. Compared to the Czech Republic, only a third of them die on a mileage. Relatively safe is also in Finland and Switzerland (half of the victims compared to the Czech Republic), as well as in France, Austria and Germany (2/3 victims compared to the Czech Republic). On the contrary, it is important to be in Hungary or Poland where, compared to the Czech Republic, there is a 2/3 higher risk of the accident ending tragically, " concludes Roman Budský.

Source: tz, Road Safety Team

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