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When the pavement for injuries

With winter comes hand in hand injuries. Their consequences are often very painful and often permanent. The biggest enemy is probably the ice, which the weather changes during thawing and re-freezing snow threatens most of the population slipping and unpleasant fall.

Suffers mainly legs

The most common type of injury is a sprain ankle, either lateral or outer. When a temporary change in the anatomical position associated with the pressure and stress may, however, be affected by all the structures forming the ankle, professionally known as ankle joint. These are:
insertions of muscles,

Sprains are graded based on the severity of the injury as follows:
stretching of ligaments,
stretch along with side tear of ligaments,
tear associated with pain, crushing and reducing the range of motion.

Degree of damage determined by the physician

The diagnosis is made based on carefully described the situation in which the injury occurred. Then the doctor will examine the extent of joint damage and its stability. There are several places that show sensitivity when squeezed. X-ray examination is required if the patient is unable to bear his weight on the affected limb, sensitive to pressure on the bone or if you feel pain in one particular area. Although this examination does not show up so well, and their soft tissue injury, but displays a relatively high quality of bone, eliminating any fracture. Ligament sprain and strain to be examined similarly.

For quick relief

First aid is recommended to cool the affected area. No longer than 20 minutes and no more than every hour.
During treatment, also used anti-inflammatory and analgesic ointments.
For healing is also important to provide, or special training.
Sprains are first immobilized, followed by rigorous treatment to regain normal range of motion and strength. It takes 2-3 weeks until the swelling disappears and returns to the possibility of painless movement.
Stretching is more physiotherapy and then stretching to soothe wounds. Practicing strain on the surrounding muscles and acts as a prevention.

Generally, on the icy sidewalk is nowhere better nechvátat. Also good shoes with rough soles may prevent slipping.

Source: Healing

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