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First aid for burns: i can save lives

Skin burns lurking in virtually anywhere - in nature, in the home and often in our work. Risk are not only hot items, but also boiling liquids, hot steam, electricity and finally the sun. Know how you would do with that kind of injury do?

Determine the degree of disability

Burns, whether any cause, doctors divided into three stages according to the depth and severity of the disability. With a first-degree burns easily advise yourself with the more serious it is advisable to visit health professionals. Even in severe cases, but we have to handle at least those in the first aid to prevent infection or the development of shock and death. And what specifically are characterized by different degrees?

Burns of First Instance. In this case is affected only the uppermost part of the skin. It is red, sore and swelling may occur. First aid consists in cooling the cold (no ice) water for 15-30 minutes, then add foam or cream containing panthenol and subsequent overlap perfectly sterile gauze. If it is not affected by a larger area, no further treatment usually required.

Second-degree burns.
Characterized by profound disabilities and blistering, which should never puncture. Furthermore, in this case, avoid the use of any of ointments. Only instead of a sufficiently long period of cold, sterile covered, and it is a big blow, consult a doctor.

Third-degree burns. They are the most serious type, and when they hit the skin in its entirety. Injury also affects different deep structures beneath the skin - fat, muscle or bone.

How to help when the worst

When severe third degree burns for you or someone else, keep the following recommendations:
Get yourself and others from fire and smoke.
Extinguish burning clothes and if přiškvařený to body Do not peel it.
Call extension 112
Remove watches, rings or other objects firmly adhering to the body near the burned areas
(risk of swelling and subsequent strangulation).
Deep and extensive burns, immerse in cold water, just cover with sterile material, lint-free cloth.
Affected areas, if possible, position the above heart level.
Until the arrival of medics check the basic function of the affected environment
(respiration, heart beat, consciousness) and, if necessary, initiate resuscitation (revival).

Source: Healing

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