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Treatment options for allergies modern medicine has to offer?

Treatment options for allergies modern medicine has to offer? Long gone are the days when allergies were shrouded in impenetrable mystery. Modern scientific findings have revealed many pieces of the complex puzzle of allergic diseases. Doctors and thanks to that in the hands of a rich arsenal of drugs, the effects of successfully suppress hypersensitivity reactions in children and adults.


The problem developed countries

The incidence of allergic disease has recently rocket rises. It is estimated that hypersensitivity to various parts of the environment suffer about a third of the population of developed countries. In developing regions are allergies relative scarcity problem. Allergies can be considered as some form of civilization diseases. Why this is so is not clear. It is essential that modern medicine is full of a wide range of drugs that can suppress hypersensitivity. At present, there is a definite solution allergy symptoms, called allergen immunotherapy. This method essentially involves the sequential administration of increasing doses of allergen, leading to the development of tolerance to the foreign substance.


Treatment of allergies

Reduced contact with the allergen. The basic treatment is any allergies limit their contact with the relevant allergen. In case of hypersensitivity to pets or certain food constituents situation is simple. The problem arises, for example, by pollen allergy. Their complete removal is practically impossible. In this case they may help to symptomatic medications or allergen immunotherapy.
Symptomatic treatment.
Antihistamines are drugs that block the specific part of the immune response. Drugs are widely used in the treatment of allergic rhinitis , urticaria, but also the drug and food allergies. Antihistamines suppress itching and other unpleasant symptoms of hypersensitivity. Among allergy sufferers are especially popular due to its high efficiency and a minimal amount of side effects. Corticosteroids suppress the immune system, thus preventing an allergic reaction to a particular allergen. Steroid hormones are widely used in treating allergies. In the form of creams and ointments are used primarily for the treatment of eczema and atopic dermatitis. For the treatment of allergic rhinitis and asthma are applied as sprays. In case of severe allergic reactions are generally administered in the form of infusion or tablet.

Allergen immunotherapy.
This method essentially involves the sequential administration of increasing doses of allergen, leading to the development of tolerance to the foreign substance. Allergen immunotherapy is the only approach that focuses on the cause of the allergy.

Treatment of asthma. Asthma is a bothersome medical condition that affects the bronchi. The mainstay of treatment consists of corticosteroids and so-called beta-agonists. Their action is being expanded lumen airway, making retreats breathlessness . Among the seizures periods are widely used leukotriene modifiers (montelukast, zafirlukast) and mast cell membrane stabilizers (sodium cromoglycate). Both groups of drugs are designed to suppress undesired effects of the immune system which leads to the development of an asthma attack. Versus symptomatic medication and reduces the "exaggerated" reaction of the immune system, and not merely symptoms of allergic reactions.

Treatment of allergy is currently very safe and highly effective. Selecting product depends on the needs of the individual patient. If you suffer from allergies, you, feel free to visit their allergist. Indeed, there is no rational reason for evidence of hypersensitivity to suffer.


Source: Pollen služba.cz



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